American Psycho


         Even before its official publication, the novel American Psycho was the subject of controversy,
 mainly for its gruesome depictions of murder. Feminists excoriated author Bret Easton Ellis as a
 misogynist, others threatened him with death. The original publisher dropped the book when some
 of the more lurid sequences were leaked to
Time and Spy. Ellis had intended his fiction to be an
 ironic comment on the go-go 1980s, when the young turks who worked on Wall Street were kings
 and Reaganomics ruled but most critics dismissed the writing as clichéd and repetitious and
 devoid of any worth. Nearly a decade later, the film version premiered at a time when Wall Street
 once again was booming, although the new generation of movers and shakers courted media
 attention less than the previous one. Adapted by Guinevere Turner and Mary Harron (who also
 directed),
AMERICAN PSYCHO the movie is played as satire with much of the violence toned
 down or committed off screen.

         Like the novel, though, this movie adaptation went through its controversial phase. Harron
 initially offered the lead role of Patrick Bateman to Billy Crudup who declined. She then settled
 on British actor Christian Bale but in the wake of
TITANIC, Leonardo DiCaprio flirted with the
 role. At that point, Harron was committed to using Bale so she was removed by Lions Gate, the
 indie studio that was providing financing. Oliver Stone stepped in briefly and it appeared to be
 a go until DiCaprio opted to head to Thailand for
THE BEACH. Lions Gate once again asked
 Harron to helm the piece and she managed to hang on to Bale as lead in part by casting
 supporting roles with "name" actors like Reese Witherspoon, Willem Dafoe, Jared Leto (who
 himself had once been in contention to play Bateman) and Samantha Mathis. While the
 finished film hasn't sparked as many angry protests, it has divided critics, many of whom
 seem to  miss much of its subtext and outright satire.

         In both Ellis' fiction and Harron and Turner's script, Patrick Bateman is a man with what only
 can be called a borderline personality. Since he adopts the uniform stylings of his co-workers
 (slick-backed hair, expensive designer suits) and the accouterments of the
nouveau riche
 (tasteful furnishings, name-brand eye wear, tables at the best restaurants), he's like an
 overgrown kid at the grown-ups table. One of the on-going jokes in both versions of
 
AMERICAN PSYCHO is that only those in his immediate circle know him by name. Bateman
 is constantly being mistaken for someone else and while loathe to admit it, that fuels his anger.
 Despite all the trappings of success - which include a wealthy fiancée (Witherspoon) and a
 drug-addled mistress (Mathis), he is essentially impotent in the arena that means the most
 to him: his work.

         Additionally, he has the loyal secretary who also carries a not too hidden crush (well
 captured by the extraordinary Chlöe Sevigny). Harron and Turner downplay Bateman's interest
 in pornography, except for the constant excuse that he has to return "videotapes."  (In the novel,
 Ellis subversively links Bateman's fixation on pornography with his homicidal rage.) What the
 film does capture well is the sense of the period and the times. While it  may be difficult for
 some to see such a recent time characterized as such, this is indeed a "period" film.
 The Bateman of this film is a creature of the 1980s. His psychological handicap is also
 beautifully captured without comment in a long monologue in which he details his use of
 specific beauty products to maintain his look. If he's had a bad night and his eyes are puffy,
 he'll don an ice mask while he works out at home and he ends his toilet each morning by
 peeling off a facial scrub that has hardened into a translucent mask. Indeed, masks are
 a recurring theme in the film.

         In only her second feature, Mary Harron proves a fine director of tough material. Whether
 intentional or not, she also invokes the spirit of Alfred Hitchcock (whom Ellis undoubtedly also
 considered). There are allusions to the master's 1960 classic
PSYCHO that go beyond just
 the surface. Beyond the title and the obvious reference in the central character's name
 (Bateman, Norman Bates), Harron stages some of the sequences with a nod to Hitchcock.
 One sequence involves an axe wielded not unlike a knife and the reference to the Hitchcock
 film is further solidified in the use of a plastic raincoat that recalls the memorable shower curtain.
 Bateman also has a flair for voyeurism (he videotapes sexual encounters) which calls to mind
 James Stewart in
REAR WINDOW, but perhaps the area where both directors excel is in
 the juxtaposition of humor with horror. While Hitchcock was limited by the mores of his time,
 Harron was freer to indulge in a more overt link between sex and violence.

         In the brilliant central performance of Christian Bale, Harron has indeed found the perfect
 Bateman. Handsome enough to suggest Ellis' Ivy League golden boy, he also can blend in with
 the other men in his pack (Justin Theroux, Bill Sage, Matt Ross, Leto). Bale is one of the world's
 most underrated actors and it's become clear that even in this part, some are missing the
 subtlety and attention to detail that he crafts. I've heard his performance described as
 "one-note" and to some extent that is what the material calls for, yet the actor is also playing
 an entire symphony built around that one note. Adopting a letter-perfect Mid-Atlantic American
 accent and toning and buffing his body, Bale created a mesmerizing character whom he even
 manages to make sympathetic in a handful of scenes. By necessity, the supporting players
 are not as well-formed as they appear filtered through the consciousness of Bateman
 Still each of the actors manage to make an impression. Witherspoon is appropriately bitchy
 as Bateman's wealthy girlfriend while Mathis excels as a drug-dependent party girl.
 Cara Seymour also makes a fine impression as a prostitute whom Bateman solicits twice,
 and each of Bateman's male colleagues, Justin Theroux, Bill Sage and Matt Ross have strong
 moments as well.

         There undoubtedly will be debate about the film and the choices that Harron and Turner
 have made regarding the bloody killing spree in the film. Without giving anything away, I
 can say they have been faithful to the spirit of the original material but have also built on it.
 
AMERICAN PSYCHO will not be for everyone, but anyone who is interested in a richly layered
 satire fueled by the brilliance of an overlooked actor coming into his own wlll not be disappointed.


                            Rating:                         A-
                            MPAA rating:              R  for strong violence, sexuality, drug use and language
                            Running time:           102 mins.
© 2008 by C. E. Murphy. All Rights Reserved.